Appendix FM guides

A collection of posts explaining Appendix FM, which contains the rules on non-EU family migration

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How to apply for a UK spouse or partner visa

Spouses and partners of British citizens or people settled in the UK can apply for a visa to join or remain with their loved ones. These applications are dealt with by the Home Office under the immigration rules. Specifically, the part of the rules th ...

5th September 2023 By

Getting an adult dependent relative visa is hard but not impossible

Adult dependent relative visas have one of the highest refusal rates of all immigration routes. Between 2017 and 2020, 96% of applications were refused. In this article I look at why these applications often go wrong and what you can do to try make th ...

29th August 2023 By

What are the financial requirements for UK spouse and partner visas?

The Appendix FM minimum income requirements for spouse and partner visas can catch out even those with enough money to meet them. Having the money only takes you so far: the income must come from a specific source, must be calculated in a certain way, ...

21st August 2023 By

Manufacturing risk: the exclusionary effect of positive discretion in the family immigration rules

The immigration rules are full of harsh general rules accompanied by potential exceptions. These exceptions require a subjective judgment to be made and they make the rules complex. They also manufacture risk for applicants, making the outcome of immi ...

9th May 2023 By

Exceptional circumstances in a spouse or partner visa application under Appendix FM

In other posts we have looked at the requirements to be satisfied by a spouse or partner who seek leave to enter or remain. Under Appendix FM, the sponsor can be a British citizen, a settled person, a refugee, or someone with humanitarian protection, ...

5th April 2023 By

New Appendix Adult Dependent Relative immigration rules

The adult dependent relative rules have been buried in Appendix FM since their inception on 9 July 2012. From 1 June 2023, they have been transposed into their own standalone Appendix Adult Dependent Relative. The new appendix was announced in the 9 M ...

17th March 2023 By
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