Updates, commentary, training and advice on immigration and asylum law

Encouragement and incitement sufficient to exclude refugees from Convention protection


Older content is locked

A great deal of time and effort goes into producing the information on Free Movement, become a member of Free Movement to get unlimited access to all articles, and much, much more


By becoming a member of Free Movement, you not only support the hard-work that goes into maintaining the website, but get access to premium features;

  • Single login for personal use
  • FREE downloads of Free Movement ebooks
  • Access to all Free Movement blog content
  • Access to all our online training materials
  • Access to our busy forums
  • Downloadable CPD certificates

Encouragement and incitement is sufficient for a refugee to fall within the exclusion clauses of the Refugee Convention, the tribunal has held:

For a person to be excluded from refugee protection under Article 1F(c) of the Refugee Convention on the basis that they knowingly incited and encouraged acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations it is not necessary to show that such acts have actually been committed or attempted.

The tribunal has always preferred an expansive definition to the exclusion clauses with the effect of denying protection and the higher courts have had to correct this on a number of occasions. So it may prove to be with this latest pronouncement.

Source: Youssef (Refugee Convention – Article 1F(c)) [2016] UKUT 137 (IAC) (2 March 2016)

Interested in refugee law? You might like Colin's book, imaginatively called "Refugee Law" and published by Bristol University Press.

Communicating important legal concepts in an approachable way, this is an essential guide for students, lawyers and non-specialists alike.

Relevant articles chosen for you
Picture of Colin Yeo

Colin Yeo

Immigration and asylum barrister, blogger, writer and consultant at Garden Court Chambers in London and founder of the Free Movement immigration law website.